Golden Retriever Breed Guide - With its amiable nature, smiling face, relaxed ears, and beautiful coat, the Golden Retriever is one of the most famous dog breeds all over the world. These smart, jolly, and loyal furry companions make ideal family pets and their intelligence makes them extremely capable working pooches. Could this be the ideal choice for you and your family?
Although your Golden Retriever will most probably have a long and happy life, it is great to acknowledge the health risks and take measures to protect them as best you can. Buying the right pet insurance can assist in putting your mind at ease should your furry friend suffer an injury or illness all along their lifetime.
Bunch for Pets has brought this article to explain in detail about the Golden Retriever Breed Guide which involves breed history, personal traits and characteristics, common diseases, and more.
Golden Retriever Breed History
Golden Retrievers were first found in Scotland, where they were initially used as hunting dogs, reclaiming birds in the water and on land.
The breed earned popularity in England and was acknowledged by The Kennel Club of England in 1911 as "Retriever — Yellow or Golden." In 1920, the breed name was transformed to Golden Retriever. A few years later, Goldens were introduced to the US as both furry friends and hunting dogs. The breed was formally acknowledged by the AKC in 1925.
Golden Retriever Characteristics | Golden Retriever Breed Guide
The measured weight of a Golden Retriever ranges between 30 and 35 kg for males and from 25 to 30 kg for females. Golden Retriever males have a height between 23 and 24 inches whereas females have a height ranging between 21 to 22 inches.
The Golden Retriever has a well-maintained body with a deep chest and a robust and wide head. The ears take a place high on top, dropping just below the jawline.
The comrades of this breed have a water-repellent coat that is flat or wavy, and fluffy on the thighs, legs, neck, tail, and underside. The coat comes in three distinct colours:
- Light Golden
- Dark Golden
Temperament and personality
The Golden Retriever personality is jolly, amiable, polite, and trustworthy. According to the American Temperament Test Society (ATTS), 85.60% of the Golden Retrievers who were put on trial passed the Personality Test.
These playful furry companions tend to get along well with kids, other pets, and unknown individuals. They like to labour and are keen to please, which is why they are so famous as service dogs.
Golden Retrievers are not famous as barkers and they seem to lack strong guard impulses, so they don’t make great watchdogs.
The calculated lifespan of Golden Retrievers ranges between 10 to 12 years, which is equivalent to other dog breeds of their size.
The oldest Golden Retriever as per documents was Augie from Tennessee, who attained the age of 20 years and 11 months prior to passing away in 2021.
Cancer is one of the prime reasons of death for this breed. According to research by the Morris Animal Foundation, 60% of Goldens are affected by cancer, which is about twice the rate of any other dog breed.
The ideal way to accelerate the longevity of your Golden Retriever is with absolute care, routine veterinary visits, exercise, and diet.
Golden Retriever care tips
Training and exercise
As with all dog breeds, pooch training classes and early socialisation are suggested to assist your Golden Retriever in developing into a well-adapted and well-behaved adult dog. Goldens are keen to please their owners, which makes them very convenient to train.
These energetic dogs need abundant exercise. If they don’t attain enough activity, Golden Retrievers are likely to build unwanted behaviours. They make wonderful companions on bike rides and long runs but also love field trials, hunting trips, as well as canine sports like compliance, monitoring, and agility. Sports are a wonderful approach to get your Golden the mental and physical activity they need.
Diet and nutrition
Golden Retriever pooches grow quickly between the ages of four and seven months, which makes them open to bone disorders. For this reason, they should be given a low-calorie diet that avoids them from developing too fast such as a large-breed puppy diet. Your veterinarian is the ideal resource for extra assistance on what food is ideal for your Golden Retriever pooch.
Adult Goldens are particularly given around 1.5 cups of dry dog food per meal, two times a day. Being food lovers, these big pooches are exposed to getting obese. You should prevent free feeding and giving a lot of treats.
Monitor your dog’s calorie intake and be sure to have a word with your vet if you observe weight gain. Your vet will give you suggestions regarding the amount and type of food, exercise, and feeding times.
Your Golden Retriever's approximate nutritional needs may vary depending on their size, age, activity level, and food brand. You should always speak to your veterinarian if you are doubtful about the ideal food type or volume for your furry companion.
In general, Golden Retrievers scrape off their thick double coat reasonably and should be combed once or twice a week to get rid of the loose hair. During times of more abundant shedding (during fall and spring or year-round in moderate climates), brushing should take place regularly.
Goldens only require periodic baths to keep them washed, as well as routine nail trimming and teeth cleaning.
Living with a Golden Retriever
Goldens are hyperactive furry companions. If routine exercise is provided they can conveniently adjust to any type of home, even an apartment. Being bird dogs at heart, Goldens enjoy swimming and playing a game of fetch.
Common Golden Retriever Health Issues
Golden Retrievers are a normally healthy breed but, as said earlier, they are at a moderately increased risk of cancer in comparison with other dogs. The most common cancers in Golden Retrievers comprise hemangiosarcoma and lymphoma.
Other health issues that impact this breed include:
- Hip dysplasia
- Elbow dysplasia
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus
- Eye issues, such as progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts.
Affectionate for their sunny personality and gorgeous coat, Golden Retrievers are hyperactive and playful dogs keen to please their owners. Initially bred to retrieve birds for hunters, these days Goldens are amiable companions and renowned as service dogs.
These playful dogs need a lot of exercise and want open spaces, but can easily adjust to any type of home. If you have small children, a Golden Retriever is the best choice for a family pet.
Goldens have an intense, water-repellent double coat, and drop their undercoat twice a year, during which they might need regular brushing. For the rest of the year, combing once a week should be apt. The most common health problems impacting the breed involve cancer, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and more.